Friday, February 27, 2015

Tourmaline

Tourmaline is considered a semi-precious stone and it comes in many different colors. This stone is a mineral with traces of potassium, lithium, sodium, magnesium, iron and aluminum.

Bright colored tourmaline gemstones were brought to Europe in mass quantities by the Dutch East India Company to satisfy demand. Tourmaline can attract and then repel hot ashes because of its pyroelectric properties.

Tourmaline was used in the 19th century by chemists to polarize light by shining light onto a cut and polished gem.

Schorl is the most common type of tourmaline and accounts for about 95% of all tourmaline found. It was used before the 1400s by Saxons in Germany. This group of Saxons mined for it along with tin near their village. They found black tourmaline.

The name Tourmaline means “stone attracting ash”.

Tourmaline has six rings of cyclosilicate and is long and slender (sometimes thick) and has crystals that accumulate in columns.  This stone is typically asymmetrical. Sometimes small columns have a daisy pattern.  

Tourmaline is easily recognizable by its three-sided prisms. This is what makes it unlike any other type of stone.

Tourmaline comes in many different colors. It can be black, bluish-black, deep brown, yellow, blue, green, red and pink. It all depends on what traces of other types of materials are in the gem. Sometimes, although rare, it can even be colorless. But multicolored tourmaline is common. It could be green on one end and turn to pink on the other end. Some tourmaline can even change color, depending on what angle you are looking at it from. Pink and red tourmaline has low magnetic qualities. Black and yellow tourmaline has magnetic qualities because of iron and manganese in the stone. Green, yellow and blue colored tourmaline can be magnetic as well.
Tourmaline is found in granite, marble and schist. It is a durable mineral and can also be found in sandstone and other highly weathered sediments.
Tourmaline gems, usually pink and red ones, are treated with heat to richen their color and value.

During the early 1900s the United States, mostly Maine and California, were the world’s largest producers of tourmaline. China especially loved pink tourmaline and purchased large quantities of it from the United States. Tourmaline was first discovered in the U.S. in 1822. Native Americans have used pink and green tourmaline as gifts at funerals for centuries.

Brazil, Africa and Afghanistan are also major producers of tourmaline.

Tourmaline is used to detoxify the human body. It actually emits negative ions and far-infrared rays. Tourmaline means “stone mixed with vibrant colors”. It is also considered a magic protection stone for whoever wears it.

There have been studies on tourmaline’s ability to relieve stress, increase mental alertness, improve circulation and strengthen the immune system. It cleanses the nervous system, organs and other tissues. It helps stabilize the nervous system due to the fact that it generates its own heat. It self-produces its own electrical charge.
Some of the benefits of Tourmaline are:
Detoxification
Aid in fat loss
Reduction of water retention
Improves blood circulation
Gets rid of waste
Cleanses liver and kidneys
Heals skin disorders
Reduces emotional issues like anxiety and depression
Relieves acute and chronic illnesses
Helps eliminate heavy metals, poisons and carcinogenic material

Reduces lactic and fatty acids

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