Sapphire is a Greek word that means “blue stone” and has traces of iron, titanium, chromium, copper or magnesium in it. It can be blue, yellow, purple, orange, black, grey or green. A red sapphire is actually a ruby.
Most sapphire is worn in jewelry and can be found naturally in sediments or rock formations. A sapphire is right behind a diamond when it comes to hardness.
Large amounts of sapphire are found in Montana, China, Madagascar, East Africa, Australia, Thailand and Sri Lanka. Sapphire and rubies are typically found together, in the same areas. But one is usually more abundant than the other.
Purple, violet and green are the most common secondary hues found in a blue sapphire. Violet and purple are a positive color to the sapphire, while green has a negative impact when it comes to its value. A good quality sapphire has medium to dark tone.
There is a 423 carat sapphire called the Logan Sapphire in the Natural Museum of History in Washington, D.C. and is one of the largest, gem-quality blue sapphires in existence.
Yellow and green sapphires are common. Pink sapphires are due to chromium. The more chromium found in the sapphire the deeper the color. The deeper pink sapphires are more valuable than the lighter. If the sapphire is so deep, it is red, it is considered a ruby. Sapphires can also be orange or brown. Colorless sapphires are sometimes substituted for diamonds in jewelry. If the sapphire is pinkish orange, it can be more valuable than even a fine blue sapphire.
A star sapphire is a stone that has a star on it known as asterism. There are also star rubies. The reason for the star is titanium dioxide under the surface of the sapphire. These stones are usually cute so that the star is in the center of the stone, at the top of the dome. Most stars have 6 rays, but can sometimes have 12. The reason for the 12 rays is that two 6 ray stars are overlapping. This can sometimes create a cat’s eye in the center if the stars are not perfectly centered on top of one another.
The largest star sapphire in the world is called the Black Star of Queensland. It weighs 733 carats. There is also a large star sapphire that weighs 563.4 carats called the Star of India at the American Museum of Natural History in New York City. A 182 carat star sapphire called the Star of Bombay is at the National Museum of History in Washington D.C.
The sapphire represents wisdom and royalty. It is linked to hope and faith and was believed to bring protection, good fortune and spiritual insight. It’s a symbol of both power and strength, as well as kindness and wise judgment.
Sapphire releases mental tension, depression, unwanted thoughts and spiritual confusion. It restores balance in the body and aligns the physical, mental and spiritual. It brings serenity and peace. It helps concentration, joy, peace, and prosperity.
Sapphire treats blood disorders, combats excessive bleeding and strengthens the walls of the veins. It also helps cellular disorders and regulates the glands and helps calm overactive body systems.
Blue sapphire is linked to the Gemini zodiac sign and the throat chakra. It is associated with purity and love. It helps with self expression, communication, truth and belief. It opens and heals the thyroid.